There isn’t as far as I know, a formal method of US States, or the US Federal Government putting official sanctions on a state, unlike say a country like Iraq, Iran, North Korea or South Africa.
The decades long disinvestment sanctions, against South Africa, are possibly the most interesting and best parallel for North Carolina. Since passing house bill 1532, North Carolina has faced an increasing push by companies, other states, and cities. This is how it should be.
However, it is not sufficient to depend on commercial companies and a some major liberal forward thinking cities to undo this legislation. What happened with South Africa was that it took years to see the collapse of the apartheid regime and in the end it was people pressure that forced large companies to withdraw, rather than simply laws and sanctions.
PayPal are among the first companies to withdraw from North Carolina, but there need to be many more. Companies and institutions won’t do this though unless they are pressured to do so. WE as individuals have a responsibility to boycott. Don’t use companies that tolerate this bs and continue to do business with the state. Don’t go on vacation there, don’t go to college there, advocate that relatives and friends in the state do the same, as best they can.
Sure, it will punish people who had nothing to do with the legislation if jobs are lost, offices are closed etc. People will learn to exercise their vote carefully…
Sanctions alone do NOT work, only in conjunction with actual action will they deliver results.