Europe vs Facebook

The questions that Zuckerberg never answered, including this:

How will you be remembered: As one the three big internet giants along with Steve Jobs and Bill Gates who have enriched our world, or as the genius who created a digital monster that is destroying our democracy and society?

https://gizmodo.com/mark-zuckerberg-played-parliament-for-fools-and-theyre-1826227452

The Popularity Of ‘Westworld’ Points To Our Anxiety About AI

“If things play out with AI the way that they have done with Facebook, we’re in a lot of trouble.” Jonathan Nolan

Source: The Popularity Of ‘Westworld’ Points To Our Anxiety About AI, The Show’s Creators Say | Here & Now

Facebook walking the wrong side of the #GDPR line

The Facebook scramble to rewrite history

As Facebook scramble to try to head off prohibitive legislation in the UK, Europe and the USA, it’s trying to reinvent it’s history and mission.  I’m no Facebook historian, developer, professional watcher but it’s worth remembering some of it’s actual history, bugs, screw-ups and the often terrible defaults it implemented with new features.

I’d long imagined that Mark Zuckerberg was the embodiment of Zeke Hawkins character in the 1993 movie, Sliver. One of the things Hawkins said in the movies about his surveillance was the Google-esq:

We’ll do only good things.

All of the recent disclosures about access to Facebook data isn’t about hacking or other malicious activity, it is about poor design decisions; defaults in privacy that were good for Facebook but not for the user; and ultimately necessary for Facebook’s’ business model. They were not, as Facebook and Zuckerberg oft refer to them as data breaches.

As the voiceover says at the end of the Sliver trailer:

The view from the outside is nothing…. compared to the view…. inside.

My history with Facebook goes back to when it was “thefacebook”. I’d been a regular speaker and panelist at the Silicon Valley World Internet Center between 1998 and 2003 when I gave my last session on Open Source. The center was housed at Stanford University. Over my time there, I made contacts with many professional and personal contacts.

I started using livejournal as an emerging platform for “blogging” and tracking news for my then key triathlon interests in January 2004.  That April, through one of the contacts I’d made at the World Internet Center, I was offered a userid to take a look at “thefacebook”. I didn’t spend much time on it, it was fascile, juvenille and voyeristic. I wasn’t surprised to hear that in 2003, the Harvard University administration had charged Zuckerberg with breach of security, violating copyrights, and violating individual privacy.

That set the path that Facebook has followed since then, their design decisions, their defaults, everything has been aimed at making your information publicly available, searchable and collectable. As I texted a few days ago, none of this need happened if Facebook actually cared about privacy. Each and every time they implemented a new feature, they did so by setting the user privacy to the least private allowed.

While Facebook claimed they were not selling data, which was probably legally true, but they were always selling access to the data. If privacy was really central to Facebooks management of data, then they would have made the defaults very different than they did.

All those infuriating apps and quizzes that your “friends” were playing Farmville, Candy Crush, etc. let alone the apps that wanted to know actual personal information, like where you’d travelled to etc. For a while in 2007 there was even a class at Stanford known as the “Facebook class” where students, many of whom went on to make hundreds of thousands of US Dollars, were instructed on how to make Facebook apps.

As early as 2010, many of us were imploring people not to give companies like OK Cupid and apps like Lover of the Day access to your data, it was only ever going to end badly for someone.

Lover of the Day was installed nearly a million times. If every user that installed it had at least one hundred “friends” on Facebook,  that meant through a single app, four hundred million facebook users data could have been exposed and scraped. Even if “Lover of the Day” hadn’t overtly exploited this, it was totally naive rather than malicious.

By the end of 2010, there were hundreds of website scams that were, as far as I can see, just there to harvest your data, and that of your friends. There were numerous websites set up to track these, of which Facecrooks, was and still is one of the best.

When I got my Facebook data, before #DELETEFACEBOOK, I spent an hour searching through the data and my timeline to find interesting posts, pleas that I’d made to my friends about the lax controls, bad defaults and bad app choices they were making.In 2010 alone, I posted the following on my wall.

January 10th: “Well get used to it, the Facebook founder says your privacy is a relic of the past, everything should be public!”

March 2010: “So, not paying attention to the FB Privacy issue? Well last night the dumb ass’s made a change which made everyone’s email address public for about 30-mins even if you said not to or your settings… “

May 2010: “So yesterday Facebook blew their privacy yet again revealing private friend to friend conversations, allowing one friend to see outstanding friend requests of other friends…”

May 2011: When discussing the Symantec revelation that Facebook was leaking information to Third parties, I ended the post with – friends don’t give their friends personal information to strangers, don’t do the same on facebook!

By 2011, music streaming startup, Spotify, was known to be aggressively using and promoting their business through facebook by exploiting the weak/lax Facebook privacy. If anything, the US Government Federal Trade Commision hearings lead to facebook changes that were in marketing speak “more transparent” but reality, more opaque. They made it easier to stop sharing, but harder to know what was being shared.

In 2015, the scraping of user data was still rampant, I found a number of examples of warnings, mostly in so called “Big company” giveaways.

March 2015: Friends don’t invite friends invite to the SW Airlines ticket give away. It’s scam, they are harvesting Facebook id’s, friends lists and email addresses and who knows what else!

It was followed by a long bullet list of ways you could tell if the giveaway was a scam. My post ended in

If don’t doesn’t have at least two of those it’s a scam… It’s not harmless, it’s like showing up at an orgy and not using a condom.

When Zuckerberg and Facebook try to rewrite history claiming these were a breach of trust, or they didn’t sell data, or they acted as soon as they were notified, I don’t know what the hell they are talking about. They knew, they just didn’t care until the politicians got hurt, and now the optics look really bad.

Next. What should be done.

The Data that Facebook has

Much has been written about the facebook data, Cambridge Analytica sh*t show. I was among those years ago who were warning friends not to play games that require users to permit the game access to their friends Facebook profile.

However, even I couldn’t have foreseen how the data would be used. Stunning. I have my Facebook archive from yesterday, and will be going over it in the next few days. I’ll finally #deletefacebook – deleting permanently my Facebook ID later today. In another week or so, I’ll create a new ID, strictly limited to family as friends.

The worst, in privacy terms, aspect of the Facebook data privacy failure, is the accusation that Facebook was collect phone data from android phone for years. Of course, everyone accepted the facebook app permission to access the phone, but again I suspect few thought that the Facebook would track and keep data on all calls made, even those that got a busy signal, or no answer.

I went hunting for a list of all the data Facebook collected, and found this. It appears to only be available to logged in Facebook users. I thought it worth copying over here. It’s a huge list.

What info is available? What is it? Where can I find it?
About Me Information you added to the About section of your Timeline like relationships, work, education, where you live and more. It includes any updates or changes you made in the past and what is currently in the About section of your Timeline. Activity Log
Downloaded Info
Account Status History The dates when your account was reactivated, deactivated, disabled or deleted. Downloaded Info
Active Sessions All stored active sessions, including date, time, device, IP address, machine cookie and browser information. Downloaded Info
Ads Clicked Dates, times and titles of ads clicked (limited retention period). Downloaded Info
Address Your current address or any past addresses you had on your account. Downloaded Info
Ad Topics A list of topics that you may be targeted against based on your stated likes, interests and other data you put in your Timeline. Downloaded Info
Alternate Name Any alternate names you have on your account (ex: a maiden name or a nickname). Downloaded Info
Apps All of the apps you have added. Downloaded Info
Birthday Visibility How your birthday appears on your Timeline. Downloaded Info
Chat A history of the conversations you’ve had on Facebook Chat (a complete history is available directly from your messages inbox). Downloaded Info
Check-ins The places you’ve checked into. Activity Log
Downloaded Info
Connections The people who have liked your Page or Place, RSVPed to your event, installed your app or checked in to your advertised place within 24 hours of viewing or clicking on an ad or Sponsored Story. Activity Log
Credit Cards If you make purchases on Facebook (ex: in apps) and have given Facebook your credit card number. Account Settings
Currency Your preferred currency on Facebook. If you use Facebook Payments, this will be used to display prices and charge your credit cards. Downloaded Info
Current City The city you added to the About section of your Timeline. Downloaded Info
Date of Birth The date you added to Birthday in the About section of your Timeline. Downloaded Info
Deleted Friends People you’ve removed as friends. Downloaded Info
Education Any information you added to Education field in the About section of your Timeline. Downloaded Info
Emails Email addresses added to your account (even those you may have removed). Downloaded Info
Events Events you’ve joined or been invited to. Activity Log
Downloaded Info
Facial Recognition Data A unique number based on a comparison of the photos you’re tagged in. We use this data to help others tag you in photos. Downloaded Info
Family Friends you’ve indicated are family members. Downloaded Info
Favorite Quotes Information you’ve added to the Favorite Quotes section of the About section of your Timeline. Downloaded Info
Followers A list of people who follow you. Downloaded Info
Following A list of people you follow. Activity Log
Friend Requests Pending sent and received friend requests. Downloaded Info
Friends A list of your friends. Downloaded Info
Gender The gender you added to the About section of your Timeline. Downloaded Info
Groups A list of groups you belong to on Facebook. Downloaded Info
Hidden from News Feed Any friends, apps or pages you’ve hidden from your News Feed. Downloaded Info
Hometown The place you added to hometown in the About section of your Timeline. Downloaded Info
IP Addresses A list of IP addresses where you’ve logged into your Facebook account (won’t include all historical IP addresses as they are deleted according to a retention schedule). Downloaded Info
Last Location The last location associated with an update. Activity Log
Likes on Others’ Posts Posts, photos or other content you’ve liked. Activity Log
Likes on Your Posts from others Likes on your own posts, photos or other content. Activity Log
Likes on Other Sites Likes you’ve made on sites off of Facebook. Activity Log
Linked Accounts A list of the accounts you’ve linked to your Facebook account Account Settings
Locale The language you’ve selected to use Facebook in. Downloaded Info
Logins IP address, date and time associated with logins to your Facebook account. Downloaded Info
Logouts IP address, date and time associated with logouts from your Facebook account. Downloaded Info
Messages Messages you’ve sent and received on Facebook. Note, if you’ve deleted a message it won’t be included in your download as it has been deleted from your account. Downloaded Info
Name The name on your Facebook account. Downloaded Info
Name Changes Any changes you’ve made to the original name you used when you signed up for Facebook. Downloaded Info
Networks Networks (affiliations with schools or workplaces) that you belong to on Facebook. Downloaded Info
Notes Any notes you’ve written and published to your account. Activity Log
Notification Settings A list of all your notification preferences and whether you have email and text enabled or disabled for each. Downloaded Info
Pages You Admin A list of pages you admin. Downloaded Info
Pending Friend Requests Pending sent and received friend requests. Downloaded Info
Phone Numbers Mobile phone numbers you’ve added to your account, including verified mobile numbers you’ve added for security purposes. Downloaded Info
Photos Photos you’ve uploaded to your account. Downloaded Info
Photos Metadata Any metadata that is transmitted with your uploaded photos. Downloaded Info
Physical Tokens Badges you’ve added to your account. Downloaded Info
Pokes A list of who’s poked you and who you’ve poked. Poke content from our mobile poke app is not included because it’s only available for a brief period of time. After the recipient has viewed the content it’s permanently deleted from our systems. Downloaded Info
Political Views Any information you added to Political Views in the About section of Timeline. Downloaded Info
Posts by You Anything you posted to your own Timeline, like photos, videos and status updates. Activity Log
Posts by Others Anything posted to your Timeline by someone else, like wall posts or links shared on your Timeline by friends. Activity Log
Downloaded Info
Posts to Others Anything you posted to someone else’s Timeline, like photos, videos and status updates. Activity Log
Privacy Settings Your privacy settings. Privacy Settings Downloaded Info
Recent Activities Actions you’ve taken and interactions you’ve recently had. Activity Log
Downloaded Info
Registration Date The date you joined Facebook. Activity Log
Downloaded Info
Religious Views The current information you added to Religious Views in the About section of your Timeline. Downloaded Info
Removed Friends People you’ve removed as friends. Activity Log
Downloaded Info
Screen Names The screen names you’ve added to your account, and the service they’re associated with. You can also see if they’re hidden or visible on your account. Downloaded Info
Searches Searches you’ve made on Facebook. Activity Log
Shares Content (ex: a news article) you’ve shared with others on Facebook using the Share button or link. Activity Log
Spoken Languages The languages you added to Spoken Languages in the About section of your Timeline. Downloaded Info
Status Updates Any status updates you’ve posted. Activity Log
Downloaded Info
Work Any current information you’ve added to Work in the About section of your Timeline. Downloaded Info
Vanity URL Your Facebook URL (ex: username or vanity for your account). Visible in your Timeline URL
Videos Videos you’ve posted to your Timeline. Activity Log
Downloaded Info

Zuckerberg/Facebook called to UK Parliament

Of course as a US Citizen, Zuckerberg can’t be compelled to attend. There can be so many serious consequences to not attending that Rubert Murdoch and other News International Executives attended when they were called.
 

Facebook has a lot of questions to answer

I teetered on the brink of deleting my facebook account last year. I removed the main app from my phone and a Windows tablet, and have never installed messenger. When it came down to it I balked at the final step. I did ulike pretty much all businesses and pages, as well as unfriended anyone not a real contact/friend etc.

The utility of facebook is still too great to remove myself completely. Although frankly I’ve had better results contacting businesses through Twitter and getting things done. Given it’s reach, facebook still remains useful. Delete the apps Facebook, Facebook Messenger, Instagram and Whatsapp.

If you want to delete your facebook account, it’s still relatively simple and you have 14-days to recover it, if you decide it was a mistake. Use this URL.

The Guardian published this over the weekend. It’s a long and important read that contains all the context and background detail into how Facebook was used to target people with advertising and social  profiling of potentailly millions of people to bias or persuade them to take a particular perspective.

Much of this data came through those terrible apps which ask you to confirm access to your facebook profile, and your friends profile. Even though you may have never used one of these apps, if your friends did, they likely gave away your data.

The New York Times is today reporting that Facebooks Chief Information Security officer is leaving the company. So this is obviously a big deal. Alex himself denies that, although with the share price drop already seen today, who knows the truth, the data misappropriation is still a big deal.

Charles Arthur has a daily email which goes out under the guise of The Overspill from his blog of the same name. It’s well worth the subscription. Todays included a link to Justin Hendrix blog for justsecurity.org on the Facebook data use, in it Justin poses seven key questions:

1. Why did Facebook take more than two years to inform the public of this massive breach?

2. Did the Trump campaign or Cambridge Analytica violate campaign finance laws?

3. Did Trump campaign or Cambridge Analytica employees lie to Congress, or to the British Parliament?

4. Did Facebook’s failure to disclose this breach to the public and notify its directly affected consumers break any laws?

5. Did any of the Facebook embeds in the Trump campaign know that stolen data was being used for targeting?

6. Did Facebook have evidence its own employees mishandled this situation? Was any disciplinary action taken?

7. Did other organizations or individuals exploit these apparent weaknesses, and are there other breaches we do not know about?

Irrespective of what you think about how the data was used, and the outcome, these questions need to be answered.

Bringing Jobs Back to the USA

As the GOP push through their tax bill, without any transparency, one of the big ticket items is corporate tax breaks.

My opinion is the government are really wasting their time, and our money giving tax breaks, especially to companies to repatriate their overseas earnings, in some kind of swap for jobs. No such thing will happen, sure there will be a few winners here and there, but nothing substantial and certainly nothing overtime.

If the government wanted to do this, they’d have been better creating an incentive program, which gave them tax deductions for each net new job they created, the longer their total employment numbers were up, net new, the lower the tax rate on repatriation would go.

I posted the following on twitter… but in a debate about it today, realized I’d left the link off for the NPR article. Here it is.

Why I’m Leaving Facebook

It’s not strictly true, I will have a facebook ID again in the coming months, but it will be an output only ID. By that I mean it will be an ID that I can post things to, but little more than that.

As I said in my “evil empire” post, I’ve become more and more concerned about not just what data they collect, but what you can learn from it. They sell our data, and it’s pretty easy to drill down on the data and learn all sorts of things, even though the data is supposed to be anonymous.

The problem with this is not just what facebook can tell, it’s that to a degree it is a very biased view of who we are. For the longest time, the standing joke was:

if it’s not on facebook, it didn’t happen

But you know that’s not true. When was the last time you posted about your intimate desires, or genuine mistakes, or arguments you had with important people in your life, or private details of your dealings with banks, managers and so on. These all go to make up who you are, what makes you tick.

What facebook has is a simple snapshot, someone who is vastly different online than offline. Yeah, facebook knows I’m liberal, likely not religious, I read the Guardian and the New York Times and probably trust them for news as I spend more time reading articles. Facebook knows I have a generally negative view of the new President and it thinks it know what products and brands I “like“. The data says my “psychological gender” is more male than feminine, but not by much; I’m pretty laid back but do get emotional.

Our data is sold in bulk, using specialised tools, you can target data geographically, based on numerous categories. It is supposed to be anonymised when sold, but it’s relatively simple to identify. This week in Ireland the American Civil Liberties Union [ACLU] was trying to defend our privacy rights, when facebook moves our data between Europe and the USA. Europe has much stronger data protection rights. Facebook of course argued against that.

If you are not convinced, watch this video from the creators of Data Selfie, a chrome extension, see how what you do [on facebook], leaves a data trail to the person you are [on facebook].

The lack of control over our data is seriously concerning. Even though I’ve already deleted the primary facebook app from my phone, as well as Messenger. You can’t even see the data, I fear that facebook has data I can’t control, can’t delete, and somewhere in a facebook data center, I have a twin, someone I don’t know.